by Mary Shelley


Volume One:

Letter 1:
In this letter, Robert Walton wrote to his sister Margaret Saville. She lives in England and her brother is from Russia. Walton wrote about the weather in Petersburgh, about the breeze and the cold, and also about what he thinks of the North Pole. He thinks that it is a beautiful region and not just a place of frost and with icy climes. He wants to take a voyage, because he has the intention to discover places and lands that people had never visited before and he wants also to find a passage near the Pole. Robert Walton is a very curious and brave man. As a child he always read volumes about voyages, but he could never go on an expedition because his father died and his uncle never allowed him to go on a long journey. When he was younger he often went with whale-fishers on many trips to the North Sea, because he wanted to prepare his body. So he voluntarily suffered for cold, famine, thirst and want of sleep. He also worked harder and longer than the other ones, and studied at night. At the end of the letter he said that the cold is bearable if you wear furs and move around on the deck, so the cold isn’t the problem, but his spirit, he is often depressed.

Letter 2:
Walton wrote a second letter to his sister and wrote about the fact that he has hired a vessel and that he is collecting his sailors in Archangel, but in this letter he talks particularly about his feelings: he has no friends, no one to talk to. He’s a lonely man and desires a friend, who could participate in his joy and help him through hard times. He also talks about his lieutenant, who is brave and desirous of glory. This man did not have a job, so Walton proposed him to come with him. Also the master is a very brave man and he is remarkable for his gentleness and mildness. In the letter he says that the weather was good and that he maybe would sail sooner, but he doesn’t want to do things rashly, he is prudent.

Letter 3:
Walton wrote a third letter to let his sister know that he is safe and that his expedition is proceeding fine. This letter would arrive in England thanks to a merchantman. They have already reached a high latitude and the southern gales continue to blow them towards the north. During the trip there were just two stiff gales and the springing of a leak. Robert Walton is happy that nothing worse had happened.

Letter 4:
On Monday 31st of July an accident happened: the vessel was surronded by ice and couldn’t move and it was foggy, so they weren’t able to see what was happening around them. They waited and hoped for the weather to change. At the end it became better and when they looked around, they just saw ice everywhere. Then, suddenly a gigant figure appeared. He was drawn by dogs on a sledge and he was far away so he disappeared soon later. So, maybe, if there was someone, the land mustn’t have been far away as they had supposed. Fortunately the ice broke, but they prefered to wait for the next morning. The following morning there was a man with a dog and a sledge on the ice near the vessel and he was in bad conditions, so they brought him on the deck and helped him. Walton thought that he was an interesting person and after some days the man explained why he was travelling on the ice: He was seeking the one who fled from him and the other sailors told him that they had seen a man just the day before. The man’s health got better and he spent most time in the cabin of Walton. In his second letter Walton said that he wanted a friend and in those days he was starting to love the man as a brother. The stranger felt much better and started to pass some time on the deck and watched around in order to see the man on the sledge that he was seeking. The man was gentle, wise and cultivated. Walton and the stranger talked sometimes about Walton’s expedition, about their past and their feelings. Robert discovered that the stranger was unhappy and had a broken soul, but despite of this he was a person who could feel and appreciate the beautiful nature and the particular regions. One day the stranger went to Walton and told him that he would tell him his story. Walton felt gratified by this and the narrative would probably help him understand the stranger better.

Chapter 1:
Victor Frankenstein is a Genevese and his family is one of the most important families of the republic, because his ancestors were counsellors and syndics. Besides that, his father was respected by everyone and had much to do for the country. Victor’s father had a friend named Beaufort and before he became poor, he was known for his position. He felt ashamed and didn’t want to live there anymore, so he moved to Lucerne with his daughter. The father of Victor wanted to help him by giving him some money. Beaufort had an abode in the city where he stayed, thanks to the money that he had saved of his fortunes. He could maintain himself and his daughter for some months. Beaufort didn’t find an employment and became very sad, so sad that he couldn’t do anything. His daughter, Caroline, did plain work and with the little money that she earned, she wanted to support life. The situation became worse and her father died. Victor’s father found Caroline and brought her to his house. Two years later they married.
Caroline had been shaken by her past and Victor´s father wanted to give her whatever she needed and to fulfil her desires. After their marriage they went on a trip and travelled to Italy, to Germany and France. Victor Frankenstein, who was born in Naples, was their only child and went with them on their journeys. After some time Caroline wanted to have a daughter, but Victor was still the only child. One day Victor´s father went to Milan and Caroline and Victor went to visit an abode, where they found a peasant with his wife and five children. Caroline was attracted by one of the babies. The peasant’s wife explained her, that the baby wasn’t hers, but the daughter of a nobleman, who lived in Milan. She told them that the baby´s mother had died early and the father of it too, so the baby became an orphan and lived with this poor family. When Victor´s father returned from Milan he found Victor playing with the baby. Elizabeth Lavenza became part of the family and she was for Victor, more than a simple cousin. She was the inmate of their house.

Chapter 2:
They grew up together and there was just about one year difference in their ages. Victor didn’t consider her as a stranger and even if their characters were different, they were very close to each other. Elizabeth was calmer than Victor and interested in the aerial creations of poets. Time later a second son was born and Victor’s parents stopped wandering and remained in their native country.
During school, Victor found an important friend: Henry Clerval, the son of a merchant of Geneva. Victor had had a nice childhood and he had been grateful, not only for his good conditions, but also for his kind parents. As a child he was curious and wanted to learn and study, not languages or the code of governments, but he wanted to understand the secrets of heaven and the world, the nature and the earth. The world was a big secret for him, and the laws of nature attracted him. His friend Henry, instead, desired to become a benefactor and wanted people to remember him as a heroe in the future. During Victor’s childhood his feelings and the fact that he wanted to know about the world around him became enthusiasm and passion. He loved Natural Philosophy. When Victor was thirteen years old, he went with his family to a pleasure party to the baths (near Thonon) and one day they the weather wasn’t good, so they had to stay inside. Victor found a book by Cornelius Agrippa in the house, and read it. He thought it was very interesting, so he wanted to read other books too, not just by him. Of course Agrippa was one the first ones, but Victor liked this kind of philosophers much more than the modern ones. When Victor was fifteen years old, they went to their other house near Belrive and one day there was a thunder-storm. Victor saw a beautiful oak, not far away from their house, and it was on fire. The next day they went to the tree with a man, who was interested in Natural Philosophy. When they arrived, they found just a little wood and the man began to talk about electricity and galvanism. Victor started being interested in those fields.

Chapter 3:
When Victor was seventeen years old, his parents told him that he should go to the University of Ingolstadt, in order to complete his studies. But before he went to Universtity something terrible happened. Elizabeth became sick, she had the scarlet fever and Caroline was very worried, so she attended her sickbed and became ill, too. Her daughter recovered from her illness, but Caroline died. They had seen her every day and it was strange to think that his mother had disappeared forever, but they had all to move on. After this sad event, Victor didn’t go immediately to University, but stayed with his family for a couple of weeks. He desired to see his cousin Elizabeth happy, indeed she was just hiding her sadness. Then the day in which he had to leave his family arrived. His friend Clerval also asked his father if he could accompany Victor and study at that University, too, but his father didn’t let him. It was hard for Victor to leave his father, Elizabeth and Clerval that day, he always had been surrounded by them. After a long travel he arrived and went in went to his apartment. The day after he met his professor of Natural Philosophy, M. Krempe, and told him what he had learned about that subject. The professor told Victor that he had wasted his time and that he had to begin his studies entirely anew. M. Krempe wrote down a list of the books that Victor had to find. He didn’t like M. Krempe. A few days after he participated at a lecture of M. Waldman. He was his Chemistry professor and a nice person and Victor met him also privately and told him what he had studied during high school. He was understanding. Thanks to him he decided to study science, and with this decision he also decided his future.

Chapter 4:
So, Victor started his studies and soon he passed very much time studying Natural Philosophy and Chemistry. He attended the lectures and then, also M. Krempe became a good professor for him, even if he had his own manners and ways to do. M. Waldman, instead, was like a friend, who helped him with his apprehension. Victor progressed every day and he thought that in other subjects and studies you just go as far as the people who studied before, but in science, there would be always new discoveries, there was no end, never. He was so good at that university and he studied so much that he even improved some chemical instruments. Time passed and he wanted to return to his native country and family, because he didn’t improve anymore, but something happened. He was suddenly attracted by the human body, life and death. He wanted to know what caused life and what death. So he started studying anatomy. When he was a child he never thought about supernatural horrors or superstitions, but at university he started examining and analisyng everything. After some time he became even able to give animation to lifeless matter. It was incredible, but he needed something which could receive the animation, like something which had fibres, muscles and veins. He had to create a being like him, it would take a long time, but he decided to create a gigant being. So, he collected materials for several months and started with his enterprise and worked hard. Time passed and he didn’t think anymore about his family or friends while he was working in his chamber, separated from all the others. Victor never wrote them any letters. He worked even during the summer, because nature didn’t attract him anymore. He was very concentrated and everything proceeded well. He worked so much that he became a little sick, but he promised himself that he would enjoy and rest as soon as he finished his gigant being.

Chapter 5:
It was a November night when Victor gave animation to his gigant being and the being opened his yellow eyes and moved his limbs. He was terrifying. The being was eight feet in height, his skin was yellow, his hair was black, his teeth white and his lips were black. Victor, who worked so hard for that being and who didn’t care about his health and even became sick, was scared and in that moment all his enthusiasm vanished. Victor was disgusted. The man escaped, ran downstairs and went in the courtyard of the house in which he lived. He passed the night there, but didn’t sleep. He was really shocked. The next morning he went outside on the streets, Victor didn’t have the intention to return to his apartment, but also didn’t know where he was going. Suddenly he stopped for a few minutes and then fixed a coach that was coming towards him. The coach stopped just in front of him: his friend Henry Clerval was inside. For a moment Victor forgot the monster that he had created and felt happy. They walked together towardVictor’s College and Henry explained him that his father allowed him to come to Ingolstadt, he also noticed that his friend seemed sick and tired. Victor opened the door slowly and was really agitated, but then he realized that the monster wasn’t in his room anymore and he felt very very relieved. Victor jumped around and Henry asked him which was the reason of his exaggerated happiness. In that moment Victor remembered the monster. During that period he became very ill and Henry cured him for several months and Victor explained him the cause of all that and first, his friend, couldn’t believe it. When Victor felt better, Henry gave him a letter by Elizabeth.
Chapter 6:
In the letter Elizabeth said that her family and she were very worried about his health and his condition and that she wanted him to send a letter. She also wanted him to come back home as soon as he would feel better. Elizabeth explained him the story of a girl named Justine Moritz, that started to live with them as a servant, because Elizabeth’s aunt noticed how badly she was treated by her mother. Elizabeth’s aunt and Justine were very close and had a nice relationship, besides that the aunt wanted to give her also a superior education. Justine became very sad when Elizabeth’s aunt died and soon also her brothers and sisters died. After this sad event Justine’s mother obliged her to come back and to live with her again. She was a terrible mother and even a little mad: sometimes she begged Justine to forgive her and other times she said that Justine caused the death of her brothers and sisters. Then, after some time, Madame Mortiz died and Justine lived again with Elizabeth and the other members of the family. Elizabeth talked also about what happened and changed in their town.
When Victor finished reading the letter, he wrote one on his own, even if it was hard for him, because he had not entirely recovered from his illness, but he felt better. He started to hate everything which was connected with science. Clerval removed all the instruments and apparatus that Victor used for his creation and they even changed room. Victor also didn’t want to hear the word “Natural Philosophy” or anything that could remind him of the mistake that he had made. When Victor saw the professors, like M. Waldman or M. Krempe, it was a torture for him.
Clerval wasn’t interested in science, he had come to university to study Oriental languages and Victor decided to begin the same studies.
Time passed and he stayed at university during the summer. He had the intention to return home towards the end of autumn, but then things were postponed and during the winter the streets were icy. He wanted to leave university in May, in order to visit his family, but Henry proposed him to go on a pedestrian tour in Ingolstadt. Victor recovered entirely and accepted his proposal and thanks to his good friend Henry, who had always supported him, he started to love nature again and he was as happy as he had been years before.
Chapter 7:
When Victor returned from his journey with Henry he found a letter from his father, Alphonse Frankenstein. Alphonse wrote in his letter that they all waited for him to come home, but he warned Victor: there wouldn’t be a happy and delighted welcome, because William died and they were all depressed. Victor had two brothers: Ernest, who was older (16 years old) and wanted to start a military career, and William, who was much younger. It happened on a Thursday, when Elizabeth, Alphonse and the two children went to Plainpalais to walk. Suddenly Ernest and William disappeared and at the end just Ernest returned. They found William at five o’clock in the morning and he was dead: someone had murdered him. Victor had the intention to return home and he was very nervous. He left his college and went towards Geneva. During his travel he remained two days at Lausanne, then he arrived at Geneva but the gates of the town were closed. So, he had to stay at Secheron, which was a village in the proximity. He didn’t want to pass the night there, so he decided to go to the place where William died. He arrived at Plainpalais by boat, because he had to cross a lake. He walked a bit and then he saw something terrifying: it was a gigant creature. He realized that it was the gigant being that he had created long time before, the gigant being whom he had given animation.
Victor was frightened, he knew that he had a murderer in front of his eyes. He was sure about the fact that the being was the one, who killed his little brother. Fortunately the monster didn’t kill or injure him. Victor saw him again, for the fist time after two years. Early in the morning Victor arrived at his father’s house and his brother Ernest greeted him. Ernest explained him the situation and told him that Elizabeth was the most wretched and that she accused herself of the death of William, even if it wasn’t her fault. Victor was sad and his brother told him that they maybe found the murderer. At that point Victor was shocked, but when Ernest told him the name of the murderer he calmed down, nevertheless he was sorry because he knew exacly that Justine Mortiz wasn’t the murderess. Afterwards, Alphonse and Elizabeth joined the group and they talked about poor Justine, who was accused and they all hoped that she would be acquitted.
Chapter 8:
At eleven o’clock of the same day, the trial commenced. Victor caused all that and Justine, who was innocent, was accused. At the beginning, Justine was calm and wasn’t worried. But there were many facts that weren’t clear about her and people said that she had been strange when she returned home the morning after William’s death. Justine didn’t sleep at home that night and she also had a picture of Caroline in her pocket; it was William’s image and he took it always with him, when he was alive. So, people thought that she was the murderess. Justine explained everything: she passed the evening with her aunt, who lived at Chene and when she was returning home, she met a man, that asked her about a young boy. So, Justine was worried and started searching the boy, because she thought it was William, the one who was searched by the man. Time passed and the gates of Geneva closed, so she couldn’t return home. Justine passed the night in a barn of a cottage. She heard some steps the next day, that awoke her, and at last she returned home. Justine wasn’t able to explain the fact about William’s picture in her pocket, probably the murderer put it there. After Justine’s explanation, the witnesses were called out. Elizabeth talked very well about her and said that she was an amiable person, who could not have any reasons to do something similar.Victor had feelings of guilt during the court, so he rushed out. At the end Justine confessed, even if she was innocent and Elizabeth and Victor, who both still believed in her innocence, were desperate. Justine was in prison now and Elizabeth and Victor, who couldn’t sleep at night, visited her. The convicted woman and Elizabeth talked and cried for a couple of hours. Elizabeth wanted to prove her innocence, but it was impossibile. Victor didn’t talk, he felt agony and remained in the corner of the prison chamber, he had never felt this bad in his life. The following day, Justine died. Victor was the real murderer, he had caused the death of two people and couldn’t do anything.
Volume Two:

Chapter 1:
Victor regretted his action: the creation of a moster, that had killed two people, while he was already alive. It wasn’t fair and he knew that. Victor was seized by remorse and senses of guilt, and solitude was his consolation. His father Alphonse saw his pain and grief, but couldn’t do anything for his son. In those days, they went to stay for some time at their other house at Belrive. It was different at Belrive: people could go outside whenever they wanted and there weren’t gates and walls around the little city, which closed in the evening. So, Victor went outside any the night and took the boat to cross the lake or just stayed upon the water for some time. There, he started to reflect. Sometimes he wished to disappear in the lake, but he couldn’t, he had to be behind his family and help them through their sorrow. Victor was worried, because he was sure that this was just the beginning of a tragedy: the monster would act again and commit a new crime. Alphonse’s health was influenced by the sad events that happened and Elizabeth wasn’t the happy and delighted woman, that she was time before, anymore. Sometimes she talked with Victor and explained him how she felt and what kind of reflections she had. Elizabeth spoke about Justine’s death and her sadness, but she noticed Victor’s pain and saw that he was the one who was suffering the most. She told him to calm down and to think about his friends, that were around him and about his beautiful native land which surrounded him. He had to stay positive. But nothing, not even those words could take the pain away. Most of the time Victor was able to control his emotions, but sometimes he had to change place. So, during one of his hard moments, he took a horse and went towards the valley of Chamounix. He knew that valley, because he had visited it as a child. During his little journey he saw castles, beautiful mountains and was fashinated by the magnificent nature around him. Then he crossed the bridge of Pèlissier and arrived in the valley. Afterwards he reached the village of Chamounix and passed the night there.

Chapter 2:
The next day he went through the valley and spent his time there, by looking around at the beautiful nature, that could not take his sorrow away, but it consoled him a little. Again he passed the night there and when he woke up the next morning, he decided to ascend to the summit of a mount, named Mountanvert. He decided to do it, because nature had the effect to make him forget his pain for some time. Victor started to ascend the glacier without a guide and the ascent was precipitous and dangerous: it was raining, there were broken trees everywhere and stones continued to roll and fell. Then, he finally arrived at the top of the glacier after a couple of hours and decided later, to descend upon the glacier on the opposite side. It took him two hours and then he saw something stupendous in front of him: the Mont Blanc. All his sorrow and sadness disappeared and he was glad to be there. But, these feelings were interrupted by a strange vision: a gigant man was coming towards him with speed: it was the monster. Victor Frankenstein didn’t want to talk with him and was ready for a fight, but the monster continued and told him that he should listen to him and warned him: Victor had to comply to his conditions, if he wouldn’t, the monster would murder all his friends and family. Victor became angry and wanted to kill the gigant being. At that point the monster said that everyone hated him and that he had been benevolent and good in the past, but things changed. The monster just wanted to be happy, but everyone rejected, excluded and isolated him. The mountains, glaciers and caves were his only refuges. The monster invited Victor to come with him, in order to listen at his story and at the end Victor accepted.
Chapter 3:
The monster started telling his tale. At the beginning he stayed at the forest of Ingolstadt. There he sought for a place where he could take a rest and where he could receive shade. Everything was confusing: he didn´t know what light was and couldn´t distinguish his senses. Then he was hungry and thirsty, so he ate some berries and when he was tired, he just laid down and slept.
When he awoke it was dark and very cold, even if he had covered himself with something before he left Victor´s apartment. The daemon was desolate and sad, because he was alone and didn´t know what to do. It was night and the moon came out, it was the first time for him, he had never seen the moon in his life. Afterwards he was hungry again and so he searched for some berries. The time didn´t pass and it was still cold; fortunately he found a cloak. The days passed and he started to get used to that life in the forest. He started to distinguish the forms of the objects that were around him, he also discovered the fire one morning, while he was walking through the forest. Some beggars probably had left the fire burning. He saw that the fire was warming him up and soon he understood how to maintain it. So when he woke up the morning after and looked after the fire, it was still there. He saw that the fire was giving him light, too and thanks to this he could find food. However, after some time, he barely found food, and became hungry, so he decided to leave that forest and to search another region where he could live. His preoccupation was the fire: he learned how to maintain it, but not how to create it.
He started wandering and found the open country with many fields. The monster glanced around and saw a hut, he entered and man screamed by seeing him and ran away. It was a good place where to stay: he wouldn´t freeze anymore and rain wouldn´t penetrate and enter. The daemon ate the lasting food of the shepherd, then, he slept. The following day, after a long hike, he finally saw a village in front of him. He went there and was attracted by the good food, that was in the cottages, so he simply entered and took it while the people, who lived inside, fled and screamed or attacked him. The monster escaped from the village and took refuge in a hovel. He stayed in a hovel which was against the back of a cottage, where a man and a young woman lived. Thanks to a crevice in the wood, he could look inside a room of the cottage, where the woman and an old man were. The scene of those two was full of kindness and sweetness that touched him. Then, the younger man returned with some wood and the girl helped him, and then they ate something together. In the evening the monster observed them again, the man and the young woman were busy, while the old man was playing an instrument. At the end of the day, the family retired and the monster fell asleep.

Chapter 4:
It was winter, the monster continued observing the family, they passed the day as the day before. He discovered that the old man was blind and also that the family, even if they had anything they needed, was unhappy. They possessed a house, they had fire, food, clothes and they had company and loved each other. They weren´t alone like the monster, who wanted to join them. He couldn´t understand their sadness. After some time the monster realized that their were poor, they had just a little garden for vegetables and a cow for some milk. They didn´t eat anything else and sometimes they even not ate at all. He also noticed that the man had to collect some wood in the forest every day for the family fire, so one day the daemon collected some and put it in front of their cottage. They were surprised when they saw the pile of wood, but thanks to this, they could do other things, like cultivating the garden.The monster remained in his hovel and continued to look after them. He noticed that they communicated in a way that he couldn´t understand. They used sounds and pronounced them quickly. Soon he learned some words and the names of the cottagers (father, Agatha and Felix), knew their meaning and could pronounce them. Felix, the man, was the saddest and the one who suffered the most. Felix was a busy man, he had to maintain the family, helped by Agatha. He got up early in the morning, worked in the garden, collected wood etc., and often he went away for a long time, maybe he worked for a farmer in the proximity. However, the monster continued to learn new words and wanted to have a good command of their language, because he desired to show himself to the cottagers, but he knew exactly how ugly and terrifying he was, because he saw his reflection in the little pool, that the family possessed. Then finally, it became warmer and the family was busier, but had this time, always enough food, also in the garden the plants grew much more. The monster’s life instead, was more uniform: during the day he observed his “friends” when they worked or had something to do or he slept, and at night he collected food and wood and sometimes did a nice gesture for them. In that time, the gigant started thinking about the cause of their sadness and wished he could make them happy, he also thought about how to discover himself to them and about their possible reaction. He knew that they would be shocked, but he absolutely wanted their love.

Chapter 5:
It was spring and during one of those warm days, the cottagers took a rest sometimes. However Felix’s pain and grief already tortured him. One day a lady and a countryman (her guide) knocked on the door of the cottage and she asked after Felix, who appeared shortly after. It was a beautiful lady and Felix was really happy when he saw her, he forgot every pain. Then she entered in the cottage and the monster soon understood, that she had an own language and was an Arabian. They couldn’t understand each other, but it seemed that Agatha tried to tell her by signs, that Felix was worried and in pain until she came. Apart from this, the Arabian learned twenty new words of the cottagers’ language, probably she wanted to learn their language and the monster profited by this. Safie was the stranger’s name. The days passed and the only thing that changed was the fact that the family wasn’t in sorrow anymore, and thanks to them, the monster and Safie learned many words and could understand them better when they spoke. It became warmer, it was summer, and the monster couldn’t go outside for too long because even the night became shorter during that season. He continued to learn and improve in the language, but not just that, he also started studying the letters, in order to know how to read. Thanks to a book, the deamon discovered about other nations and their culture and history, and also about religions, kings, empires etc. He heard then about the human being and started thinking about himself, because he wasn’t like them and even didn’t resemble them. People fled from him: he was bigger, ugly and different, was he a monster? This made him sad and he felt lonely. He didn’t want to feel that pain, but he knew that the only way to let that end, was to die and he was scared by death, he liked instead the lovely manners of the family, but he wasn’t part of it, and that hurt. He had no friends, no relationships, no parents, and again he asked himself who and what he was.

Chapter 6:
Some time after, the monster started to know about the history of the cottagers. The old man’s name was De Lacey and he descenced from a good family in France and a little time before the arrival of the monster, they lived in Paris, had friends and they had more than enough of everything they needed, even a moderate fortune. Also Safie’s father, who was a merchant had lived for many years in Paris, but he became intollerable for the government, so they condemned him to death, but all this was unfair and Felix had heard about that. He found an unguarded part of the prison, in which Safie’s father was, and saw the poor Turk. Felix wanted to help him to escape and the Mohometan told him that he would offer him rewards and wealth. Then, Felix saw his daughter Safie, who came from Costantinople to visit his father in prison, and the Turk, noticing that Felix liked the girl, promised him to give him her hand in marriage. In the meantime, Felix received letters from Safie, who thanked him very much for his help. An old man helped her to write the letters, because she didn’t know French. In her letters she spoke also about her mother, who was a Christian Arab and was first treated badly by the Turks, but then she married the father of Safie and everything went better. She too enjoyed the fact that by marrying a Christian she could have a rank in society. Felix saved Safie’s father and the girl too, they all fled from Paris to Lyon and then to Leghorn. There, the merchant wanted to wait for the right moment to pass into the Turkish dominions. In the meantime they conversed through signs and looks and Safie’s father promised him again to give him the hand of his daughter in marriage, but he didn’t want to do that really. He had other plans, because he didn’t like the idea to let her marry a Christian, but he even could not betray him, because they would find him and imprison him. So, he decided that he would take his daughter with him, when he would flee and go away. The French government searched Felix and didn’t find him, so they took his father and his sister Agatha, but he couldn’t permit that, so he went there wishing them to get free. They all remained confined for some time and then the government took their fortune and they had to go in exile. So, they refuged themself in a cottage in Germany and the Turk just sent Felix a miserable amount of money in order to help him to maintain himself. He became sad, but then finally, after much time, the Arabian girl came back. They loved each other and her arrival made him very very happy. Before her arrival, her father told her that he would leave the city and that she would stay by a servant in the meantime, but fortunately she heard about the exile of her lover and his family and reached him.

Chapter 7:
One night, during August, the moster was searching food and collecting wood as usually, but this time he found a portmanteau with some books inside: Paradise Lost, a volume of Plutarch’t Lives and the Sorrow of Werter. He was surprised and happy when he found that and he passed his time in the hovel by reading this books, while the cottagers were working in their garden. Sorrow of Werter was a simple story, but it was a book full of feelings and sentiments and sometimes the monster thought that Werter’s feelings were similar to his emotions. By reading that book, he started thinking about his own condition and situation, and about himself. He often asked himself who he was, but he could never find an answer.
He also read the volume of Plutarch’s Lives and that book contained the history of the founders of the ancient republics. That book instead, apart from informing him about the founders of the republics, contained high thoughts, that were much deeper than the monster’s reflections.
Thanks to this book, the daemon learned about public affairs, the gorvernment etc., it was interesting for him, because he knew about rivers, kingdoms and seas, but nothing about cities or towns and the only “school” that he had frequented was the cottage of the family.
Paradise Lost was the third book and also in this case, like in Werter’s Sorrow, the monster felt like Adam, who had no connection to other beings, but their situations were different, the monster’s one was the most terrible. He also found some papers in the pocket of Victor’s coat, that he had taken from his laboratory, before he left it. He could read them, because he learned the letters and discovered that it was in the description of Victor’s project, and so the monster’s creation.
Even Satan wasn’t alone, he had his companions, but the monster had no one and was ugly and lonely. He envyed the cottagers, and wanted to talk with them in order to obtain and have some friends and maybe they would even accept him; but first he decided to wait for some other months. These were his thoughts.
The cottagers became happy and stopped working so hard, they were also helped by some servants. They passed more time by talking with each other and by relaxing, but at the same time the monster became unhappy and sad, and every time more so when he saw his reflection in the the pool or his shadow. Sometimes he imagined to have friends, but he knew exactly that he had no friends and that he was just a miserable and lonely creature. Adam, in the book Paradise Lost, had God, his Creator, and he had not even Victor. Autumn came, but the joy and the happiness didn’t vanish in the little cottage and everything was and continued to be like before. Then, the winter came and he started to create and fix a plan of how he should show himself to the cottagers and decided that he should enter the cottage when the old blind man, De Lacey, was alone. At least he wouldn’t see him and flee from him. One day Agatha, Felix and Safie went outside on a country walk and the monster knocked on the door and told the old man that he was a traveller. The monster told him that he desired to have some friends and explained him his situation, but he didn’t tell him that the friends, which he seeked were they. De Lacey helped and consoled the monster, who only told him that the friends that he wanted to have was his family, when his children and Safie returned. He told the old man to help and protect him, but Felix already strucked him with a stick and the monster fled. The family was terrified.
Chapter 8:
After that horrible event, the monster quitted his hovel at night and was angry, he walked in the forest and destroyed every obstacle that was in front of him. He started to hate that species: the human being, there were enemies. No one wanted him, they just isolated and injured him. But he hated one person particurlarly: his creator Victor. Fortunately he calmed himself and thought about visiting the old man again, in order to tell him that he wasn’t dangerous. He slept in the afternoon, but when he awoke it was night, so he decided to search some food. He waited until the morning, because he had the intention to visit De Lacey, but when he approached to the cottage it was dark inside and no one were there. After some time two men appeared and stopped in front of the cottage and soon after Felix appeared, in company with another man. He discovered by their conversation that Felix and his family would leave the cottage and the monster never saw any of the cottagers again. He still thought about the family and remembered how kind they had been, but then thinking about their “meeting”, he became angry and so he started to destroy everything he found around him. Towards night he put some wood and combustibles around the cottage and inflamed them. The cottage burned down and in the meantime he devastated the garden. Afterwards he searched a refuge in the forest and thought again about his creator Victor, he wanted to reach him and remembered that Victor talked about Geneva, where he was born, so he decided to search that town, even if he didn’t know how, because he had not studied geography. The monster was furious with his creator, but Victor was the only man who could help him. He travelled for a long time and only at night, because of the humans, but slowly he came nearer. The monster wasn’t benevolent anymore, he was evil and wanted to revenge himself. But, the arrival of spring and the sun, which shone and warmed up the earth, pleased him and emotions of happiness and gentleness returned. He stopped one day near a river and suddenly a little girl, who was running, arrived. She was laughing and fled from someone. She fell into the water and the stream was rapid, so the daemon quitted from his hiding-place and saved her, but a man arrived, probably the girl’s father and took the girl. He ran away and the monster followed them, but the man took out a gun and fired it at him.
The man was really ungrateful and this made the monster evil again, all his kindness and gentleness vanished. He was suffering very much, because of the wound at his shoulder and he had to pass some time in the forest to cure his injury. The wound healed and he finally reached Geneva. He hid in one of the fields in the area and in the evening a child passed. He thought that the boy maybe would not be scared, because he was an unprejudiced creature. So he quitted his hiding-place, but the little boy started to scream when he saw him. The monster discovered, during a short conversation with him, that Victor Frankenstein was his brother and so he thought that it could be a good revenge and he killed the child. The child had a photo of his mother in his pocket and the daemon took it. He left the place where he killed the boy and entered a barn. There was a woman sleeping on the straw, she moved a little and the monster was shocked. If she awoke, she would denounce him, so he put the photo in one of the folds of her dress, she should suffer! Then he fled.
Time passed, he was lonely as always. He needed a creature, who was like him and Victor had to create it.
Chapter 9:
The monster finished his tale, but Victor didn’t say anything, so he continued. He said that Victor should create another one like him, a female. Victor refused and told him that no torture could ever let him change idea, he would never consent. The monster insisted and told him that he would destroy him and desolate his heart, but then he calmed down. He started to beg for another creature like him. This was the only thing he could ask for and at the same time the only thing he could receive. Their life would not be happy or fantastic, but at least he would not be alone in that misery. Victor started to reflect and thought about the consequences by the creation of another monster, but maybe the gigant was right and should have a companion. The monster continued and promised him, that if he created the female monster, human beings would never ever see them again, they would go away and live in the wilds in South Africa. Victor thought about it and said that the monster would return, because his evil passions would never vanish and this time he would have another companion, who would help him destroy and kill the humans, without mercy.
Victor didn’t know what to think, he was moved, but at the same time, he was disgusted. He thought for a long time and at the end he consented, but the monster had to swear that he would leave Europe and every other neighbourhood of man forever. The monster swore and told him that he would return as soon as he would finish his work and then he disappeared. Victor started to return to Chamounix, and he arrived on the following morning. He didn’t remain there to take a rest, but immediately went back to Geneva, conscious that he had to create another horrible being.
Volume 3:

Chapter 1:
Victor was back in Geneva, but he didn’t start immediately with his work. It would take him once more, months to create a female monster and he had no courage to begin with it. However he felt better and restored completely. Even his father noticed that and was pleased by this. Victor still went sometimes by boat on the lake and when he returned one day, his father told him that he wanted to speak with him. Alphonse told him that he may had undestood the cause of Victor’s deep pain that he felt particularly some time before, and at those words Victor was shocked and continued to listen to his father. Alphonse always hoped in a marriage between Victor and Elizabeth and also Victor’s dead mother had wished it, but in that period Alphonse doubted. He thought that Victor maybe loved another woman and that this was the cause of his sorrow, but Victor explained that he loved Elizabeth and no one else. At this point Alphonse talked about an immediate marriage, because he thought that an early union wouldn’t influence Victor’s plans for the future.
But this could not happen, Victor could not marry Elizabeth, while having thoughts about his work in his mind and there was also the fact that he had the intention to travel to England, in order to meet the philosophers, who had done some discoveries connected to his project. Apart from this, during his occupation he would isolate himself, so the marriage could not take place. Victor informed his father about his journey to England, but didn’t tell him why he was going there. Alphonse accepted and hoped that this journey would help him recover entirely, but he asked Henry Clerval to accompany him and as soon as he would return, there would be the union between Victor and Elizabeth. So, towards the end of August he departed with his chemical instruments and also this time it was hard to leave his family. In Strasburgh he met Clerval, who was enjoyed by the journey and noticed that Victor wasn’t as happy as he was. So, they finally started their voyage and even Victor, who was depressed, liked and admired the beautiful nature, the hills, the castles etc.,that they saw during their travel. Henry was excited and very very pleased, he had seen many landscapes, but that one was the most beautiful for him. They soon arrived at Rotterdam, where they continued their travel towards England by sea.

Chapter 2:
So, they arrived in London in October and decided to remain for many months. Immediately Victor wrote some letters to the philosophers, who did discoveries, in order to receive the information that he needed. He also began to collect the material for his creation and it was a torture for him. While they were in London, they also received a letter from a Scots-man, who once visited them in Geneva. He invited them to come and to visit the place where he lived. Both, Victor and Henry desired to accept the invitation, because they missed the nature with it’s beautiful mountains and streams. It was February and they decided to travel towards the north. Their first stop was Windsor, where they admired the fantastic forests. Then they arrived in Oxford, there they noticed that the colleges were ancient, the streets were particular, and there was also the river Isis, surrounded by towers, domes, spires, etc. These beautiful places pleased him, but at the same time he couldn’t forget what happened and what would probably happen in the future. They stayed in Oxford for a long time and proceeded then at last to Matlock. From Matlock they arrived in Cumberland and Westmorland and remained there for two months. Clerval was delighted and said that he would like to live there, he loved the mountains and the views.
Then they had the meeting with the Scots-man so they had to pack again their things, clothes and chemical instruments. Everything was as usual, but sometimes Victor doubted and was scared by the thought that maybe the monster was killing his family or that he maybe was following him and his friend Henry, ready to attack and kill him. It was a torment for Victor, but he couldn’t do or change anything. So, when a letter from his father Alphonse or Elizabeth arrived he was relieved, but also feared every time that maybe there would be bad news for him written in the letters.
They visited Edinburgh and remained for a week and Henry didn’t like it as much as he liked Oxford, and Victor, instead, just wanted to finish his work and return home. He then informed Henry, that he prefered to do the journey in Scotland alone and his friend told him to write him sometimes. Victor decided to search a smooth and quiet region, in order to finish his work, so he went to one of the most remote islands of the Orkneys. It was a suitable place and there were just a few inhabitants. On the island there were just three huts and he found a free one, it wasn’t in good conditions, but Victor decided to remain there. There he continued his work: there were times in which he just couldn’t continue and even not enter the laboratory, and there were times in which he worked day and night, however his fear never vanished. He always feared to see the monster and was disgusted and scared by his occupation.
Chapter 3:
His work advanced and it wouldn’t take a long time to finish it. Victor doubted: they maybe would have children and the female monster didn’t promise to leave the neighbourhood of man, maybe she would start to kill people and would not accept to go with the daemon or maybe they would hate each other.
The moon came out, it was late and Victor suddenly saw the monster in front of him smiling by seeing Victor’s creation. So, the monster had followed him all the time and was now there to see Victor’s creation. Victor was confused and scared at the same time, he started to destroy the inanimate creature and the monster, who was surprised and at the same time angry, went away. Hours passed and Victor, who had left the laboratory and was now in his room, was looking at the sea, where fishermen were fishing. Then he heard some noises: it was the monster and he was coming inside and asked him if he was breaking his promise and destroying the monster’s hopes. And indeed Victor was breaking the promise and was determinated to not ever create another monster. The daemon insisted, but Victor was sure about his decision. The monster warned him and told him that he would revenge himself, makeVictor’s life miserable and then at the end kill him. Victor cried that night, he thought about his family and Elizabeth and about how hard it would be. The night passed and the poor man was in despoir, because he thought about his family, that would die in front of his eyes and he was the cause. He didn’t sleep and the following morning he slept a little on the grass outside, even if the words and the voice of the monster were still in his head. When he awoke, he felt better, then he ate something and afterwards a fisherman brought him some letters from Geneva and from Clerval. His friend told him to return, because he was wasting time where he was and that friends from London asked him to come to talk about a vogaye towards India, which he would like to do. So, he told Victor to return in order to travel together towards the south. Victor started to pack his things and washed and cleaned his chemical instruments, and threw the rests of the inanimate female monster in the sea at night. He liked the atmosphere on the water in that little boat and decided to remain a little, but fell asleep and when he awoke the following morning, he was surrounded by water and couldn’t see any land around him. He was scared and felt helpless, he had no compass and was thirsty. Hours passed and he didn’t know what to do, but suddenly after a long time he saw a line of land in front of him and was relieved. He was really tired, but at the same time joyful, because when he approached the land, he discovered that there was a little town. When he arrived the people didn’t assist him and when he asked where he was a man aswered in a rude way. Many people came and surrounded him and at the end a man told him to follow him and explained that Victor had to give an account on the death of a man, who was murdered there the night before. He discovered that he was in Ireland.

Chapter 4:
So, with other men, Victor went to the magistrate and one of them told, that he and his companions had found the dead man on the coast. He told that the man had not been drowned, because the corpse wasn’t wet when they found it, and apart from this, there were marks of fingers on his neck. They also tried to reanimate him, but he was already dead and they couldn’t save him. The father of the man confirmed his deposition. Another man said that he saw a man in a boat that night and it was the same boat by which Victor had arrived. Other people deposed and some suspected him and at the end the magistrate Mr. Kirwin took him into the room where the corpse was lying. It was Henry’s corpse. Victor became very ill and had a fever, he had feelings of guilt and felt like a murderer, because in fact, it was his fault. The magistrate sent him to prison, where he was cured in the meantime by a nurse. For some time, he didn’t understand if all that was just a bad dream or if it was reality, but he soon realized that unfortunately it was reality. Despite this, the magistrate was kind and procured him the best chamber of the prison, and he was the one who called a nurse and a physician for him. Sometimes the magistrate came to visit him, but his visits were always short. One day Mr. Kirwin entered the prison chamber and told him that he had written to his family, thanks to some of Victor’s letters that he had found, and told him that his father was coming to visit him, this pleased and made Victor very happy. Some time later Alphonse entered and Victor asked him immediately if his family and Elizabeth were healthy and alive. The father calmed him and thanks to his arrival and regular visits, even if short, Victor recovered, but his sadness and desperation never vanished. Clerval, Justine and William were always in his head and in this way he passed his time in prison. Three months passed and even if he recovered, Victor was still weak.
Mr. Kirwin wanted to help and take him out of prison, because he thought he was innocent, he called and collected witnesses and finally after some time, Victor left the prison. He wasn’t happy or pleased, his life was horrible and his feelings always tormented him. The thoughts about the death of three people because of him, made him feel lost. Yet he was free and could return in his native country and sometimes, when he thought, for example about his deer cousin Elizabeth, he felt a little better, but this happened rarely. At the end, they departed and one night, when he was lying on the deck and looking at the stars, he remembered everything that he had done in his life, and all seemed so far and unrealistic, like a dream. There were Geneva, the death of his mother, Clerval, his departure for Ingolstadt, his project and the monster in his head.

Chapter 5:
They proceeded towards Paris, where Victor had to take a rest, because he was very weak and labil.
Obviously his father didn’t know the cause of his desperation and sorrow and he was worried. Victor felt as if he had no right to have any contacts with other people and he didn’t want to take part of the society. He also often told his father that he was the murderer and so the cause of the death of them, his father wanted explanations, but Victor suffered in silence and never told him anything. His father thought, that maybe it was because of his illness, that his son imagined and became mad, but Victor insisted and continued to say that he was the real assassin. His father was convinced by his theory and didn’t mentioned that topic anymore. Slowly Victor became calmer and his manners changed.
Then a letter from Elizabeth arrived, fortunately in time, before they left Paris. Elizabeth worried about the health of his poor cousin and wished to see him soon. She told him that she wanted to talk to him as soon as he returned to Geneva in Switzerland, because she wanted to talk about their marriage and future together. She told him in her letter that she loved him, but that at the same time she wanted him to be happy and that she didn’t want to oblige him to marry her, if he didn’t love her and if his feelings weren’t the same as Elizabeth’s. She told him all that, because she suspected that he maybe loved another woman, indeed he travelled a lot and met people. At the end of the letter Elizabeth told him not to worry and that he had not to answer the letter. At that point Victor remembered the moment in which the monster told him “I’ll be with you on your wedding-night!” He read the letter again and answered. He told her not to worry and that he had just one secret, that he would confide her the day after their marriage.
Then, a week later, they returned to Geneva and Victor’s family was glad to see him. There were already moments in which memories and thoughts returned and tormented him, only Elizabeth was able to calm him with her sweet voice and gentleness. They again talked about the marriage between Victor and his cousin: Alphonse asked him another time if he was sure, but Victor was sure and they fixed their union for tens days later. So, they started to prepare themselves for the marriage and the poor Victor was persecuted by the usual feelings. When he thought about the phrase “I shall be with you on your wedding-night”, he always thought that the monster had the intention to kill him, but then he thought about Elizabeth and feared her death. However he tried to seem happy and joyful for his father and his beloved cousin. He had feelings of guilt when Elizabeth talked about their union without being scared or worried, because she didn’t know anything and didn’t expect another misfortune. They would pass the first days after their union at Villa Lavenza near a lake. The day of the marriage approached and Victor was always armed, while Elizabeth was happy except the day of their union, probably she thought about the secret that Victor would reveal her the day after or maybe she feared even a misfortune. No one knew it. So, after the ceremony they departed on an ship. They both tried to distract themselves from their bad thoughts by looking and admiring the wonderful nature around them.
Chapter 6:
They arrived at eight o’clock, soon the moon came out and everything was obscured by the night. Victor was really agitated and unhappy, and his wife noticed it, she asked him what was happening, but Victor just told her that it would be a dreadful night. He told her to retire and she did. In the meantime he observed the nature around him and controlled the house, but the monster wasn’t anywhere. Suddenly his wife screamed and he, shocked, ran inside and went into her room. He found Elizabeth lifeless on her bed and saw the marks of the fingers of the murderer on her neck, Victor fell on the ground, senseless. When he awoke, there were people around him and his inanimated wife was still there. The day passed and it became dark again, Victor looked at the moon and soon the monster was at his window, smiling. He took out his gun and fired, but the monster just laughed and went away. People entered the room and he told them that he saw the murderer, so, they started to search him, but didn’t find him. They decided to continue their search in the country and Victor wanted to help them, but was too weak. The monster murdered William, Clerval, Elizabeth and caused the death of Justine, now probably, the next victim would be his father or his brother Ernest. He packed his things and wanted to return to Geneva as soon as possible. He went there by boat and when he arrived fortunately his father and Ernest were alive and safe. He informed them about Elizabeth’s death, and it was horrible news for his father, because Elizabeth wasn’t just one of his children, she had been more that a daughter for him and he couldn’t live with that misfortune. He was an old man, weak and wretchted. That pain didn’t make his life possible and he died a few days later in Victor’s arms. Months passed. Victor was a free man, but even if he was free he felt as if he was in prison. He had to do something, he couldn’t continue this way, so he went to a magistrate, because he wanted to accuse the monster. He started to tell his story and things that happened, sometimes the magistrate was incredulous and surprised, but then he listened to Victor with attention. At the end the magistrate just told him that probably they couldn’t do anything for him, because the monster was strong, fast and months passed and they didn’t even know where he was now. However he told Victor that they would try to help him and to punish the monster for his crimes. Victor insisted, because he saw that the magistrate didn’t have the intention to do that for him or follow the monster and, he also noticed, that he magistrage thought that Victor was mad and that this was just the side effect of his pain and his miserable condition, and all the misfortunes that happened to him. Victor was angry, because the man didn’t believe him, so he just went outside and started to think about what he could do.

Chapter 7:
Victor’s mind was confused, he just wanted to leave Geneva and his native country forever, because that place let him remember horrible events and tragedies, which tortured him. His life had been hard, hateful and full of pain and he sometimes wanted to die, but then there were moments in which he desired to revenge himself and his family.
Finally he decided to follow the monster and started to search clues. He didn’t know where to go, because he didn’t find anything. So, at the end, after searching around the town, he went to the cementary and approached the tombs. Victor prayed the spirits to help him during his revenge and his search. In that moment, the monster appeared and laughed. From that moment he started to pursue him, but Victor lost him. The months passed and the monster continued to leave him clues to guide him and also the peasants helped him when they saw the daemon. It wasn’t easy, but it was as if the spirits were aiding him, because he did not have always food or water, even if he had money it wouldn’t be easier, because the monster never approached at places where humans lived. There were times in which he just desired to kill the monster and times in which it was a torture and he waited for the night, because it was the only moment during the whole day in which he could forget everything and repose his soul from horrible thoughts. He dreamed about his family and his dear friend Henry during the night and the dream seemed so real.
However Victor never stopped his seek and slowly, they proceeded towards the north: it became colder and the ice thicker. The man was used to warmer and milder climates, it was hard to survive. He procured himself a sledge and some food and continued his search. The monster had a sledge and food too, because the armed monster had taken some food from a family and put it on a sledge with dogs. Victor was desperate and a little hopeless: he had lost his enemy, but then his courage and want of revenge fortunately returned.
The time passed and slowly the ice began to melt and it became dangerous. He had no food anymore and some dogs died, he had passed about three weeks there outside. Then Victor saw his enemy, he was suprised and happy at the same time. He gave his dogs something to eat, rested for an hour and departed towards the direction of the monster. But then, the ice broke and the sea divided and separated them, the dogs died and he remained alone. Fortunately Victor noticed the vessel and reached Robert and his men.

At the end of his story, Victor asked Robert to swear to him, that if he should see the monster (after Victor’s death), he would kill him, in order not to let him thriumph and survive, because he didn’t deserve life.

Walton wrote a letter to his sister Margaret and described her how Victor told his story: his voice sometimes broke and sometimes he stopped telling, because it was hard to explain what happened to him. His story was strange and unusual, but Victor showed him the letters between Felix and Safie, and Robert, together with his companions, saw also a gigant figure with a sledge, so this proved that his story had to be true. Sometimes Robert asked Victor to describe the monster, but his friend never answered and didn’t want to talk about that. It was the strangest tale that Robert had ever heard and it attracted him: Victor had his own manners and a nice and gentle character.
Robert told his sister that their conversation had not just been about his story or his misfortunes, but also about literature for example, and Victor demonstrated his big knowledge, and during these moments, Robert thought of how excellent his guest had been in the past, when he was a young man. In his letter he also explained his sister that he was worried, he had strongly desired a friend, and now maybe Victor would leave him and his companions in order to go and kill his enemy. He explained how he proposed his guest to help him, but Victor just refused and told him that no one could ever replace his dear family, or his wife, or his friend. There were always in his head and he couldn’t just forget them. However he thanked him. Victor had already a task to do and it consisted in killing the monster.

Walton wrote another letter to his sister. Robert missed Margaret and England. There was just ice around him and there were moments in which he feared an accident and he thought about the fact that he would be the cause of the death of his sailors. Then he thought about Margaret, who was surely worried and who would be desperate if an accident happened. However Victor was a wonderful person and he was able to calm and divert him, fortunately not just him, but he was also able to encourage the sailors.

It was September 5th when Robert wrote his third letter. The landscape was obviously always the same: mountains of ice surrounded them. That day, they were immured in ice and about six people asked if they could enter Robert’s cabin. The sailors entered and asked him to promise that if the ice whould dissipate, they would change route and go towards the south and return home. They were scared and feared a bigger accident. First Robert didn’t know what to say and he decided and his friend didn’t say anything, but then Victor turned to the men and held a long and intelligent speech. He explained that they were there to be benefactors and heroes, that they couldn’t just leave the expedition and return to their families. These were just a few of the things that he mentioned in his speech. At the end they were speechless and they looked at each other without saying anything and retired.
Robert didn’t want to return, he would feel dissatisfied and he feared that this would happed.

At the end Robert accepted and they returned towards England, he was sad and defined himself ignorant and disappointed in his letter.

Robert was returning to England with his companions and he had lost his dear friend Victor. He told his sister how the ice moved on September 9th, but Robert’s attention wasn’t attracted by this in that moment, but by Victor’s health which became worse and he had to stay in bed. So, the ice broke behind the vessel and the sailors were very happy and full of joy. Victor, who was in bed, heard them shouting and asked Robert what was happening. Robert explained him that they would return to England and at this point, Victor stood up and told him that he wouldn’t come with them, because he had to kill the monster. He was too weak and fell senseless on the ground. Fortunately he felt a little better after, but he spoke with difficulty and the surgeon told Robert that he was weak and would die. So, Robert entered the cabin and listened to him, because Victor had to ask him a favour. Robert sat on his bed and listened carefully. Victor started and told him that he was dying and that his enemy was still there outside in the meantime. He couldn’t accept that, because he desired and it was his task to kill him, in order to revenge his family. He was conscious about the fact that he was the one who had created the monster and that it had been his duty to make him happy, but his family was more important and so he refused to make him happy, but he knew in that moment that he had taken the right decision. An evil creature like him had not deserved any kind of joy or happiness. After explaining this, the man asked Robert to kill the monster if he would see him. After not so much time, he died.
Robert was desolated: he had lost his friend and hoped that the travel towards his native country and his family would console him.
At the same day, Robert went outside on the deck, and when he returned to his cabin, he found the monster near the corpse of his friend. The daemon wanted to flee, but Robert told him to stay.
The monster turned again to Victor and told him to forgive him for his crimes, but it was too late now, Victor was dead and his family too and Robert told him that everything was in vain now, and that it had no sense to ask for pardon in that moment, everything was lost. The monster explained that after the death of Clerval, he started to hate himself and to feel remorse for his crimes, but when he discovered that Victor was seeking and hoping again for some happiness his evil thoughts and want of revenge returned, he killed Elizabeth and had no feelings of guilt.
Robert, by hearing this, wasn’t moved and had no compassion for him. The monster continued and told him about how benevolent and harmless he had been in the past and about how he had wished to be loved by the human beings or by someone like him, but all these feelings and desires had changend. He suffered alone, and all this just because he was different and ugly. Because of this he became totally someone else, a criminal. And the monster was conscious about this, he killed the ones who had not injured him, the helpless ones, that had not even known about his existence.
After his long speech, listened by Robert, he said goodbye and sprung from the window.
Author: Mary Shelley

Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley was born on 30 August 1797 in London and died at the age of fifty-three on 1 February 1851 at Chester Square, because she had brain cancer.
She had an older half-sister called Fanny Imlay and was the daughter of William Godwin, who was a political philosopher and Mary Wollstonecraft, a feminist. Unfortunately Mary’s mother died soon after her birth. Her father married Mary Jane Clairmont (1801), who had other two children, and had a son with her later. Mary never had a formal education, and so she studied on her own with the books of her father’s library and she loved to write stories.
She had a relationship with the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley, who was married with a woman.
Mary and her family passed one summer in Switzerland and during rainy days, they entertained themselves by reading horror stories. It was during this summer, that Shelley started to work on her famous book “Frankenstein”, thanks to a horrible nightmare that she had. She told her friends the story, inspired by her nightmare, and then she wrote it down.
A year later her half-sister and Persy’s wife, Harriet, killed herself. So, Mary and Percy married during the winter of the year 1816. In those years, Mary published “History of a Six Weeks Tour” and “Frankenstein, or, the modern Prometheus”, which was and is actually a success. Mary Shelley and her husband had many children, but they all died very young and the only one who survived, was Percy Florence. She suffered a lot in her life: her half-sister committed suicide, her children died and her husband drowned in 1822, when she was just 24 years old. Other novels written by her are: “Falkner”, “Lodore”, “The fortunes of Perkin Warbeck”, “Keepsake” and “Westminster Review”.
Everyone knows Frankenstein, the man:Victor who created a monster, it is a very famous book. By reading it I realized that I didn’t know anything about the story and when I first started reading it, I asked myself if I was reading the right book. I didn’t know the detais and I think a lot of people don’t know them, either. I didn’t expect, for example, the letters from Robert at the beginning of the book. I’m glad that I read it, because Mary Shelley and in general all her novels are famous and she was a great English author. I think everyone should read it. I usually don’t read horror stories, and the book didn’t frighten me, but it caught my attention, especially when I read about Victor’s reflections and thoughts. The description of his sorrow conveyed and explained his situation perfectly. I could imagine what Victor was feeling. It it a sad book full of desperation, pain and preoccupation; joy and happiness don’t last very long. However, I like the way it is written, even if I had problems at the beginning and couldn’t understand it very well. I like the structure of the book, too. It starts with the end of Victor’s “adventure” and life and consists in a narrative by him. This kind of story is epistolary, because Robert Walton tells Victor’s entire story by letters, that he writes to Margaret. The structure of it is like a Chinese box: a story within a story. There is Walton’s narration to his sister, Frankenstein’s narration to Walton and the monster’s narration to Frankenstein.

(c) Celine Lantschner


Celine Lantschner on Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein

One thought on “Celine Lantschner on Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein

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